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刘宁辉:艺名:巴渝翁;1950年出生于重庆,中共党员,斋号:丁香雅聚、芳草堂、松宁阁主人。中国国际文学艺术家协会名誉主席。中国国际文化交流中心理事。中国非物质文化遗产艺术家。决策中国专家智库联盟副理事长。中国国艺人民书画院理事;中国乡土艺术协会会员;编入文化部文化艺术人才资料数据库;国家高级美术师。2021年官方纪念建党百周年,由官方权威颁发德艺双馨“人民艺术家”荣誉称号。被中华人民共文化和旅游部授予“跨时代艺术楷模大师!2020年12月被中国产党中央委员会宣传部“建党百年艺术功勋人物”荣誉称号。范迪安主席评价(这次评选中国艺术传承人看到了刘宁辉艺术作品,刘宁辉的作品有鲜明的特点,在他创作的美术作品很有时代气息。他能在构图、色彩上,即有传统,又有创新。运中国画的传统功力与西画色彩的掌握,使他的作品色域更宽,构图更大胆,充满了勃勃生机,成功走出了一条中西融合的道路。打破了前人的绘画常规,这是画家的胆识和过人之处。绘画非眼高手巧难得妙品,刘宁辉的起点高,功底扎实,眼界思路广阔。在加上十年如一日的执着于绘画事业,苦恼追求艺术真谛,大胆涉猎多种绘画题材,他取得今日成就实在是令人可喜的,中国美术家协会特此予文房四宝一套,以表感谢刘宁辉老师这多年来传承中国传统文化做出的贡献!2020.10.23.范迪安。庚子年范曾老师与我提书榜书〈爱国艺术家〉。由人民美术出版(众志成城•艺坛先锋)范迪安、刘宁辉、沈鹏、苏士澍作品集。由中共中央党校出版社(百年辉煌•国礼党案)选编人员范迪安,张海,孙晓云,冯远,刘宁辉。

Liu Ninghui: stage name: Ba Yu Weng; Born in chongqing in 1950, a member of the Communist Party of China, zhai number: Dingxiang Ya Ju, Fangcao Hall, master of Songning Pavilion. Honorary Chairman of China International Literary and Artist Association. Director of China Center for International Cultural Exchange. Chinese intangible cultural heritage artist. Vice president of China Expert Think Tank Alliance. Director of The Chinese Academy of Calligraphy and Painting; Member of China Local Art Association; Compiled into the Database of cultural and artistic talents of the Ministry of Culture; National Senior Artist. In 2021, the honorary title of "People's Artist" will be awarded by the official authority to commemorate the centenary of the founding of the CPC. By the People's Republic of China culture and Tourism Ministry awarded the "cross-era art model master! In December 2020, he was awarded the honorary title of "Centennial Artistic Meritorious Figure" by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee of China. Fan Dian chairman evaluation (the selection of Chinese art heritage to see liu Ninghui's works of art, Liu Ninghui's works have distinct characteristics, in his creation of art is very breath of The Times. He can be both traditional and innovative in composition and color. Thanks to his traditional skills in Chinese painting and his mastery of western painting colors, his works have a wider color range, a bolder composition and full of vitality, successfully walking out of a road of Chinese and Western integration. Breaking the predecessors' painting conventions, this is the artist's courage and excellence. Liu Ninghui has a high starting point, a solid foundation and a broad vision. In addition to ten years of persistent painting career, distressed pursuit of the true meaning of art, boldly dabble in a variety of painting themes, he achieved today's achievement is really gratifying, The Chinese Artists Association hereby to the study of four treasures set, in order to express gratitude to teacher Liu Ninghui in the inheritance of Traditional Chinese culture made contributions over the years! 2020.10.23. Fan Dian. In the year of gengzi, Teacher Fan Zeng and I mentioned the book list "Patriotic Artist". The collection of works by Fan Dian 'an, Liu Ninghui, Shen Peng and Su Shishu published by People's Fine Arts. By the Party School of the CPC Central Committee Press (one Hundred years of Glory • National Ceremony party) selected staff Fan Di 'an, Zhang Hai, Sun Xiaoyun, Feng Yuan, Liu Ninghui.

国家一级美术师;中南海国礼中心艺术家;人民美术报理事会副主席;北京东方翰林书画院名誉副院长,中国收藏协会名誉副会长;中国城市发展研究会城市艺术专业委员会(书画)会员;重庆文化艺术品行业协会顾问;画圣吴道子艺术研究馆研究员;重庆市摄影家协会会员。深造于中国书画涵授大学、中国摄影涵授大学。授教于姚志华、刘绍勇、白雪石、梁树年、黄润华等教授。

National first-class artist; Artist of Zhongnanhai National Ceremony Center; Vice Chairman of people's Art Newspaper Council; Honorary Vice President of Beijing Oriental Hanlin Academy of Calligraphy and Painting, honorary vice president of China Collection Association; Member of Urban Art Professional Committee (Calligraphy and Painting) of China Urban Development Research Society; Consultant of Chongqing Culture and Art Industry Association; Researcher of Painting Saint Wu Daozi Art Research Institute; Member of Chongqing Photographers Association. Advanced study in Chinese calligraphy and painting university, Chinese photography University. Yao Zhihua, Liu Shaoyong, Bai Xueshi, Liang Shunian, Huang Runhua and other professors.

善交书画朋友及艺术前辈,积极钻研,长期写生,足迹遍大江南北。著名山水画家;功力深厚,气势宏大,作品多表现祖国山川景色;深受国内、外人士喜爱、收藏;出版有中国当代艺术大家系列丛书刘宁辉作品集。中国彩墨艺术報,刘宁辉特刊。顶级巨献投资收藏刘宁辉作品在封面作了重点介绍。商界收藏指南2013.06月期也有作品介绍。中国艺术瑰宝对我作品作了介绍。中国艺术报道2014/2介绍了我的作品。2015年评为全国百位优秀人民书画家。中国企业报道<艺术资本>专刊105期封底着了重点介绍。由天津人民美术出版当代中国书画<艺海.十人行>刘大为、黄永玉、曹元升、刘宁辉等十人作品集。人民美术报2015年9月11日发表了<同刊发表作品有刘大为、欧阳中石、白续智、王西京等十多位>老师作品赏析。2015年11月22日出席<全国人大会议中心>人民美术发展论坛评为〈人民喜爱的艺术家〉2016年由中国文献出版盛世中国<刘大为.刘宁辉>书画作品集2017年中国经济文化出版社出版发行【人民书画】刘宁辉与苏士澍、范曾老师三大家珍藏版作品集。2020年8月人民美术出版社版大红袍书名:刘宁辉由中书席苏士澍提书。中美协主席范廸安提书《爱国艺术家》。中国文联主席铁凝书写前言。被建党百年书画英雄编会授予“建党百位书画英雄i”荣誉称号。

He is good at making friends with calligraphy and painting and art predecessors, actively studying, painting for a long time, and walking all over the country. Famous landscape painter; Profound skills, the momentum of the grand works of the performance of the motherland mountains and rivers; Deeply loved and collected by domestic and foreign people; Published a series of Chinese contemporary art masters liu Ninghui works. China ink art Newspaper, special issue of Liu Ninghui. Top huge investment collection Liu Ninghui works in the cover made a key introduction. There are also works introduced in the June 2013 issue of the Business Collection Guide. The treasures of Chinese art introduced my work. China Art Report introduced my works in February 2014. In 2015, it was named one of the 100 Outstanding People's Painters and calligraphers. On the back cover of the 105th issue of "Art Capital", a Chinese business report, there is a key introduction. Contemporary Chinese painting and calligraphy "Art Sea" by Tianjin People's Fine Arts. A collection of works by Liu Dawei, Huang Yongyu, Cao Yuansheng, Liu Ninghui, etc. On September 11, 2015, People's Art Daily published the appreciation of the works of more than ten teachers, including Liu Dawei, Ouyang Zhongshi, Bai Xuzhi and Wang Xijing. On November 22, 2015, liu Dawei was named "People's Favorite Artist" by The People's Art Development Forum at the National People's Congress Center in 2016. In 2017, China Economic and Cultural Publishing House published [People's Calligraphy and Painting] Liu Ninghui, Su Shishu and Fan Zeng, three masters of the collection of works. Title of Da Hongpao published by People's Fine Arts Publishing House in August 2020: Liu Ninghui written by Su Shishu. Fan Di anti, chairman of the Chinese Artists Association, wrote the patriotic Artist. The preface is written by Tie Ning, chairman of China Literary and Art Federation. He was awarded the honorary title of "One hundred Painting and calligraphy Heroes I" by the Centenary of the Founding of the Party.

范曾老师对刘宁辉先生的作品点评如下:观赏刘先生艺术结晶,作品给人以造型生动,构图多变,色彩明丽,隽氺淡雅之印象。他用笔洒脱,格调清新。浓厚中寓清淡,严谨中见灵活。细观之,其画泼墨点染,把物象刻划得丰富又生动饱满,使画面呈现出清新秀丽的意境,从而更加优美、细腻、流畅、朴拙、生动。“继承古法,有所创新,艺无止境,不断前进。”刘先生对于古典艺术,不仅学习技法,而且体会了其中的韵致。有了很好的领悟,并且在循序渐进中不断探索,最终,形成自己独有的艺术风格。

Mr. Fan Zeng's comments on Mr. Liu ninghui's works are as follows: Watching Mr. Liu's artistic crystallization, you can see that his works are of vivid shape, changeable composition, bright colors, and elegant impression. His pen was free and fresh. Light in thick, flexible in rigorous. In detail, his painting split-ink spot dyeing, the image is rich and vivid, so that the picture presents a fresh and beautiful artistic conception, thus more beautiful, delicate, smooth, simple and vivid. "Inherit the ancient method, have some innovation, endless art, keep moving forward." For classical art, Mr. Liu not only learned techniques, but also experienced the charm. I have a good understanding, and I continue to explore step by step, and finally form my own unique artistic style.

2017年由中国文联出版社出版发行孝经〈骆承烈著〉刘大为、刘宁辉、范曾、铁凝图文同步编入。2018年刘宁辉书画艺术在环球行之书画国内快讯、环球行收藏网、人民网海外版作了重点介绍。中央新闻电影制片厂老故事频道《筑梦空间》制作;建国七十周年当代杰出艺术家展播--刘宁辉.人民号--汇聚人民的力量。2019年由中国国际出版社出版发行一带一路·一代名师〈苏士树、范迪安、刘宁辉〉。苏士树主席给刘宁辉先生提写榜书〈人民艺术家〉。2020年04月—“防控疫情—众志成城--艺术家在行动艺术展览”中,为祖国做出杰出贡献,中华人民共和国文化和旅游部,特联予“艺术界抗疫英雄”荣誉称号。2020年7月“”中国精神•中国”国际书画展赛,获得“”中国国际文化交流中心终身成就中国民间文艺家”荣誉称号。是全国民间文艺最高奖项。并被中国国际文化交流中心聘理事。2020年09中国文学艺术界联合会授予“人民英雄功勋艺术家”国家荣誉称号。

In 2017, The Book of Filial Piety by Luo Chenglie was published by China Federation of Literary and Art Publishing House. Liu Dawei, Liu Ninghui, Fan Zeng and Tie Ning were simultaneously edited and illustrated. In 2018, Liu Ninghui's calligraphy and painting art in the global trip of calligraphy and painting domestic news, the global trip collection network, the Overseas edition of the People's Daily Online has made a key introduction. Old Story Channel of Central News Film Studio "Building Dream Space" production; Exhibition of outstanding Contemporary Artists in the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the PRC -- Liu Ninghui. The People -- gather the power of the people. In 2019, The Belt and Road · A Generation of Famous Teachers su Shishu, Fan Dian 'an and Liu Ninghui was published by China International Press. Chairman Su Shishu wrote a list of "People's Artists" to Mr. Liu Ninghui. April 2020 - The Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China, awarded the honorary title of "Anti-epidemic Hero in art Circle" for his outstanding contribution to the motherland in the "Epidemic Prevention and Control -- United Efforts -- Artists in action Art Exhibition". In July 2020, he won the honorary title of "Lifelong Achievement Chinese Folk Artist of China International Cultural Exchange Center" in "Chinese Spirit • China" International Calligraphy and Painting Exhibition Competition. It is the highest award of national folk literature and art. He was appointed director of China International Cultural Exchange Center. In September 2020, China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC) awarded the national honorary title of "People's Hero and Meritorious Artist".

2014年7月<丹青翰墨耀天山>重庆、新疆当代艺术家美术作品展。2014年10月河北邢台<邓小平诞辰110周年>书画展。2015年11月参加在北京大都美馆现场笔会活动,与全国人大会议中心举办的书画论坛。2016年5月山东临朐<翰墨九州当代书画>联展。2019年8月参展重庆新中国成立七十周年《不忘初心一献礼半岛》国画小品展。2019年9月参展第八届重庆国际文化产业博览会。2019年10月参与中国网络资讯台艺术频道首届顶级书大师大赛特等奖。2019年12月中国艺术品展销中心授予《大国工匠》光荣称号。中国中外名人文化研究会学术委员会授予首批中国文化名人工作室〈刘宁工作室〉。

其作品在全国、省、市展中获金、银、铜、优秀奖。

授十九大题贺活动组委会特别邀请为中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会题贺。与靳尚谊同刋在第一頻道同时刋出。同时授予“中共十九大题贺艺术名家”荣誉称号。

July 2014 "Danqing Hanmo Shines on Tianshan" Chongqing, Xinjiang Contemporary Artists art exhibition. October 2014, The 110th Anniversary of Deng Xiaoping's Birth, Xingtai, Hebei. In November 2015, I participated in the live pen event in Beijing Dadu Beauty Hall and the Calligraphy and Painting Forum held with the National People's Congress Center. In May 2016, Linqu, Shandong province, Joint Exhibition of Calligraphy and Jiuzhou Contemporary Calligraphy and Painting. In August 2019, it participated in the Chinese painting sketch exhibition "Never Forget the Original Aspiration: A Tribute to the Peninsula" held in Chongqing for the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. In September 2019, it participated in the eighth Chongqing International Cultural Industry Expo. In October 2019, participated in the first Top Book Masters Contest of China Network Information Channel Art Channel. In December 2019, China Art Exhibition and Sales Center awarded the honorable title of "Great Country Craftsman". The academic committee of Chinese and foreign celebrity Culture Research Association awarded the first Batch of Chinese cultural celebrity studio < Liu Ning Studio >.

His works have won gold, silver, bronze and excellence awards in national, provincial and municipal exhibitions.

The organizing committee of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China specially invited the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Corresponding to Jin Shangyi was released at the same time on Channel 1. At the same time, he was awarded the honorary title of "19th CPC National Congress congratulation Artist".

山水画参加中国国家画院〔国展〕美术中心和北京中艺博雅科技文化友限公司联合主办“时代新声·文化自信”一全国优秀名家作品大展。

山水画在纪念邓小平南巡讲话发表15周年全国书画大赛中荣获《金奖》。并授予“新时代艺术开拓者”称号。

山水画在燃情岁月·全国书画作品北京邀请展中荣获《金奖》。并授予“中华老人书画艺术家贡献奖”荣誉称号。

山水画在“第二届‘盛世中华’全国书法、美术作品赛”中荣获《二等奖》

山水画在“炎黄杯·海内外华人作品邀请展”中荣获《金奖》。

山水画在“新中国六十周年大阅兵全国题贺艺术大赛”中荣获《创作一等奖》

山水画在“庆祝画圣吴道子艺术研究成立十周年全国书画大展赛”中荣获《银奖》

在2019年中国网络电视艺术频道首届中国顶级书画大师大赛中美术作品荣获特等奖并授予中国顶级书画大师荣誉称号;

2020年01月美术作品已被收藏天下全国数字电视频道选播并展出。授予〈最具收藏价值艺术家〉。

山水画入选入编2006年、2008年卷《中国城市年鉴》

个人传收入《中国摄影家全集》.

Landscape painting participated in the Fine Arts center of the China National Academy of Painting (National Exhibition) and Beijing Zhongyi Boya Technology and culture friends co., Ltd. jointly organized "the new voice of The Times · Cultural confidence" a national outstanding masters' works exhibition.

Landscape painting won the Gold Medal in the national painting and calligraphy competition to commemorate the 15th anniversary of Deng Xiaoping's southern Tour speech. And awarded the title of "New era art pioneer".

Landscape painting in the burning years · National painting and calligraphy works in Beijing invitational exhibition won the gold medal. And awarded the "Chinese elderly painting and calligraphy artist contribution award" honorary title.

Landscape painting won the Second prize in "The Second 'Flourishing China' National Calligraphy and Fine Arts Competition"

Landscape painting won the Gold Medal in the "Yanhuang Cup · Invitational exhibition of Chinese works at home and abroad".

Landscape painting won the first prize of Creation in the "New China sixtieth Anniversary Parade National Celebration Art Competition"

Landscape painting won the Silver Prize in the National Painting and Calligraphy Exhibition to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the establishment of The Saint Wu Daozi Art Research Institute.

In 2019 China Network TV Art Channel in the first China Top Painting and Calligraphy Masters Competition won the special prize of fine arts and awarded the honorary title of China's top painting and calligraphy masters;

January 2020 art works have been collected the world national digital TV channel selection broadcast and exhibition. Awarded to "Most Collectible Artist."

Landscape painting was selected into the 2006, 2008 volume "Chinese City Yearbook"

Personal biography income "Complete Works of Chinese Photographers".

如何写好中国写意山水画

文/刘宁辉

如何写好中国山水画?如何欣赏中国山水画?代着这个问题我这几年深入研究,不断实践总结归纳前辈大师和现代艺术家的理论,得出了不少见解,在这里我主要说说中国写意山水画。

写意山水画是传统中国画里难度比较大的、变化無穷又令人赏心悦目、回味无穷的画种,很受人们的喜爱。它水墨淋漓、用笔如练句,有顺有逆。轻盈润泽、纵横的笔法,弥满的气势,要求画面具有形神兼备、气韵生动的艺术效果,对自然山水应当多观察多写生,必须抓住整个气势,要有地方持征,先近距离观察、行走中观察,必要时候登上高峰才会领略到。所以我—个地方,一座山野须近力登高一看,自知大概地形,着实写下。诗、书、画、印合为一体,具有很高的艺术成就,中国画在世界美术领域内自成体系、山水画在中国画中独树一帜自成一独立画种,是世界画坛上东方明珠。

写意山水画重点讲究意,写意,“写”是表达的意思,而“意”则是表达的内容、思想精神。怎样更好地去理解“意”呢?我感觉在欣赏中国写意山水画时还要重点把握以下几个特点,这样才会从中体会到艺术的魅力。

一、气韵生动

荆浩(五代梁) 《笔法记》曰:夫画有六要:—曰气,二曰韵,三曰思,四曰景,五曰笔,六曰墨…气者心随笔运,取象不惑。韵者,隐迹立形,备仪不俗。古人说作画必先立意,所谓立意就是画的主题。画家在作画之前应把意放在笔先,即所谓的胸有成竹。如写意山水画要有宾主之位,中景、近景、远景然后穿凿景物,画出山峰高低。落笔不须过重,重则浊而不清,不要太轻,轻则燥而不润。也不要洪染过度,过度就失神。立意生动是中国山水画内在美的流露,是画面“气韵”的重要表现。立石势上重下轻,摆布栽插,应和理布局。上下云烟要取秀,不可太多,多得散而無神。画家描绘的景物不仅仅是表现自然物态之美,更重要的是把表现对象作为抒发和表达人的思想感情的重要媒介,画家通过创造气韵生动和富有生命的艺术形象,表露对自然、对社会、对生活的体验和认识,寄寓自己的思想感情、审美意识和生活观念。如当代画家黄宾虹、李可染的山水画,水墨淋漓,层层枳墨,洒脱奔放,开创了中国近代大写意的一代画风,在特定的空间和时间里它却常常显现出一种特定生动的气韵之美。

二、形神兼备

山水画作品或多或少都带有点夸张、要做到变异合理、去来求于自然。写山不在得真行,山水树石烟霞岚雾间,其神、气韵变化,阳开阴合,求于形神兼并。欣赏中国的写意山水画用自然景物作为标尺,是不全面的,只求形似,不是艺术。石鲁曾经说过:“画有我的思想,则有我之笔墨,画无我之思想,则徒作古人和自然之笔墨奴隶矣。”—《石鲁学画录.笔墨章》可见写意画的特点。绘画它是艺术家智慧的结晶,来源于生活又高于生活,写意画是经过高度概括的形象,是画家提炼、加工出来的形象,不管怎样一幅作品,只有形神兼备才能使人赏心悦目,才能算得上是一幅好的作品。

三、构图

写意山水画的构图,古人叫“经营位置”,或“布局”,中国传统绘画理论中称为“章法”,都是指形象之间的整体关系。我重点说说以几方面:

当定下题材,大的构图要胸有成竹,点、线、面、形、色彩构成了画面大的形式骨架,一画中有大主题,但是局部也有小主题,要相互避开,不然笔墨就要打架,这种情况就要用虚之法,最方便是用雲烟,但是也不是全部都实用雲烟。也不能相犯,就是说两种东西放在一起,放在一起就要直接影响人的视觉。如果这些因素用得好,将给画面带来美感。

构图一幅山水画,可分多种,如S形构图,三角形构图,C形构图,当然还有很多构图方法,之、甲、由、即、则字等。这前三种构图都是很美。其中S形曲线会使人想到生命的韵律感,意景也很美。

虚实。中国山水画里虚实关系可以说无所不在,贯穿在一种艺术的始终,没有虚实的变化统一,艺术就失去了节奏,失去了变化,失去了发展。宾主、疏密、轻重、大小、纵横、开合等等绘画法则,都是从虚实出发,根据虚实的要领进行构图处理的。如山水画的留白,云海,云烟等,这使人有想象的空间,已奇、险峻,峭丶峰、林、水等组成的山水画是很美的。省略笔墨的虚处同样成为画面形象的组成部分。

均衡。画山水首先了解什么高,深,平三种布局特征,还有用笔用墨,力求调和,主景要鮮明突出,次要景物应配置得宜。构图三原则,橫,直,斜,如山是直的,树当取斜势。均衡不是数量上的对等也不是对称,而是视觉上的平衡,就像称盘和秤砣的关系一样,这样使得画面视觉平衡了。

呼应。有些人画画常把主要东西画在下半部看起来好像被裁剪了半裁,这是构图的大忌,陈子庄说:画之构图有颠倒连接之法,如画山,上面是上大下小,下面则下大上小,两部东西用些琐碎东西连接起来。《中国画技法全书》。山石形成呼应,呼应是平衡形式的转化,通过形象的内在联系可以增强作品的表现力和美感。使画面上下气势贯通,从而保证了作品的整体美感。

山水画要在均衡的原则下进行对比。一幅画要有大块的面积。—大片树或一大块山石,相间用细碎的东西,如房屋,桥梁,瀑布,水口之类连接。画要有气势,在大块面积上突出主题,也可以在小块面上突出主题。总之方法千变万化,决定在一个势上要有倾向性,山水才有气势,对比的因素很多,如点、线、面、色彩的对比,数量上的对比,明暗对比,虚实对比,大小对比,动静对比,方圆、柔刚对比,轻巧与稳重对比,曲直对比等等。这些对比应用好了会使作品的形式更加丰富,使表现的内容生机无限。

2014年01月11日作於重庆

How to write Chinese freehand landscape painting

By Liu Ninghui

How to write Chinese landscape painting? How to appreciate Chinese landscape painting? On behalf of this problem, I have carried out in-depth research in recent years, constantly practicing and summarizing the theories of older masters and modern artists, and got a lot of opinions. Here I mainly talk about Chinese freehand landscape painting.

Freehand brushwork landscape painting is a kind of painting with great difficulty, endless changes and endless aftertaste in traditional Chinese painting, which is very popular among people. It ink dripping, such as practice sentences with pen, there is a straight and inverse. Light and smooth, vertical and horizontal strokes, and full of momentum, requires the picture to have both shape and spirit, vivid artistic effect of spirit, natural landscape should be more observation and sketch, must seize the whole momentum, to have a place to hold signs, first close observation, walking observation, when necessary to climb the peak will be appreciated. Therefore, I had to climb up a mountain to have a look at it and write down the general terrain. Poetry, calligraphy, painting, printing as one, with high artistic achievements, Chinese painting in the world art field of its own system, landscape painting in Chinese painting has become a school of its own independent painting, is the Oriental pearl in the world painting.

Freehand brushwork landscape painting focuses on meaning, freehand brushwork, "write" is the meaning of expression, and "meaning" is the content of expression, ideological spirit. How to better understand "meaning"? I feel that when appreciating Chinese freehand landscape painting, we should focus on grasping the following characteristics, so that we can experience the charm of art.

First, vivid spirit

Jing Hao (Liang of the Five Dynasties) said in his "Brushwork Notes" : fu painting has six requirements: - - yue qi, yue rhyme, three yue thinking, four yue jing, five yue brush, six yue ink... Gas heart essay luck, as no confusion. Rhyme, hidden trace form, prepare instrument not common. The ancients said that painting must first have a meaning, the so-called meaning is the theme of the painting. The painter should put his intention in the pen before painting, which is called having a plan in mind. Such as freehand landscape painting to have a guest and host, medium, close, distant and then chisel the scenery, draw the height of the mountain. Writing should not be too heavy, heavy is muddy and unclear, not too light, light is dry and not moist. Do not flood too much, too much will be absent. Vivid idea is the inner beauty of Chinese landscape painting, is an important expression of the picture "spirit". Stone potential under the weight of light, the manipulation of the planting, should and layout. Up and down the cloud smoke to take the show, not too much, much is scattered without god. Painter portrayed the scenery is not only the beauty of the nature of state, it is more important performance object as the sentiments and expressions of people's thoughts and feelings of important media, painters by creating lively and rich artistic image of life, display of nature and society, the experience and understanding of life, using their own thoughts and feelings, aesthetic consciousness and the concept of life. For example, the landscape paintings of contemporary painters Huang Binhong and Li Keran, with dripping ink and layers of bright ink, free and unrestrained, created a generation of freehand brushwork style in modern China. In a specific space and time, it often shows a specific vivid beauty of spirit.

Two, both physical and mental

Landscape painting works are more or less with a bit of exaggeration, to achieve reasonable variation, to seek from nature. Write the mountain is not really line, landscape tree stone haze haze haze, its god, qi charm change, Yang open Yin, seek in form and spirit merger. Appreciation of Chinese freehand landscape painting with natural scenery as a ruler, is not comprehensive, only to look like, not art. Shi Lu once said, "If a painting has my thoughts, it will have my brush and ink; if a painting does not have my thoughts, it will become a slave to ancient people and the brush and ink of nature." Shi Lu Xuehua Record. Pen and Ink Chapter shows the characteristics of freehand brushwork painting. Painting is the crystallization of the artist's wisdom, derived from life and higher than life. Freehand brushwork is a highly generalized image, refined and processed by the painter. No matter how a work is, only when it has both shape and spirit can it be pleasing to the eye and can it be regarded as a good work.

Third, the composition

The composition of freehand landscape painting is called "management position" or "layout" by the ancients, and "zhang Fa" in traditional Chinese painting theory, which refers to the overall relationship between images. I would like to focus on the following aspects:

When set subjects, composition of a picture to have answers, and dot, line, surface, shape, color, form the big picture in the form of a skeleton, with themes in a painting, but local also have small theme, to avoid each other, or we'll be fighting, pen and ink of deficiency in this situation, is the most convenient with clouds, but not all practical clouds. Also can't offend, that is to say two kinds of things put together, put together will directly affect people's vision. If these factors are used well, they will bring beauty to the picture.

Composition of a landscape painting, can be pided into a variety of, such as s-shape composition, triangle composition, C-shape composition, of course, there are many composition methods, such as, a, by, namely, the word. The first three compositions are all beautiful. Among them, the S-shaped curve can make people think of the rhythm of life, meaning the scenery is also very beautiful.

The actual situation. The relationship between the virtual and the real in Chinese landscape painting can be said to be omnipresent, running through the whole process of an art. Without the change and unity of the virtual and the real, art would lose its rhythm, change and development. The principles of painting, such as guest and host, density, weight, size, vertical and horizontal, opening and closing, are all based on the essentials of the virtual and real. Such as the white landscape painting, sea of clouds, clouds and smoke, which makes people have space for imagination, has been strange, steep, steep, peaks, forests, water and other composition of landscape painting is very beautiful. The omission of the brush and ink also becomes an integral part of the image.

Equilibrium. Landscape painting first understand what is high, deep, flat three layout characteristics, as well as the use of pen and ink, and strive to reconcile, the main scene should be distinctive, the secondary scenery should be properly configured. Three principles of composition, horizontal, straight, oblique, mountain is straight, tree should take oblique potential. Balance is not quantitative equivalence nor symmetry, but visual balance, just like the relationship between weighing plate and weight, which makes the picture visual balance.

Echo. Some people often draw the main things in the lower part of the painting, which looks like they have been cut out, which is the cardinal sin of composition. Chen Zizhuang said, "In composition, there is a method of reverse connection. In painting, a mountain is big on the top and small on the bottom, and big on the bottom and small on the bottom. Complete book of Chinese painting techniques. Rocks form echo, echo is the transformation of the balance form, through the internal connection of the image can enhance the performance and beauty of the work. So that the picture from top to bottom momentum through, so as to ensure the overall aesthetic feeling of the work.

Landscape painting should be contrasted under the principle of balance. A painting should have a large area. Large pieces of trees or rock interlaced with small pieces of material, such as houses, Bridges, waterfalls, and waterspouts. The painting should be imposing, highlighting the theme on a large area, but also on a small area. In short, the method is ever-changing, decided to have a tendency in a potential, landscape can have momentum, contrast many factors, such as point, line, surface, color contrast, contrast on the number of contrast, contrast between light and dark, virtual and real, size contrast, dynamic contrast, radius, soft contrast, light and steady contrast, curve straight contrast and so on. The application of these contrasts will make the form of the work more rich, so that the content of the expression of infinite vitality.

Made in Chongqing on January 11, 2014