时代周刊本篇文章4985字,读完约12分钟

个人简介:

张琦,字十足,号墨炎,观魁堂主人,1965年出生于老子故里河南鹿邑,1992年毕业于河南大学美术系,同年被分配到中国人民武装警察部队从事美术创作,1995年被选派到中国人民解放军艺术学院学习,1998年进入中央美术学院深造。著名军旅书画家。中国美术家协会会员、中国书法家协会会员、国家一级美术师。现为中南海紫光阁画院主任、院士,鹿邑东方老子书画院院长。系中国人民解放军艺术学院客座教授。

张琦“能书善画,书画兼修”,尤其擅长于古代人物画像,书画以古为镜,展时代笔墨。他的国画“千年老子”形象,栩栩如生,仿佛老人家依然活在人们的生活当中,继续以先哲智慧引导未来。其钟馗画像别具一格,独树一帜,其中《钟道神威》在国际大展中荣获金奖,“钟道系列”也被作为国礼赠送给外国政要首脑。并在翰海、保利、嘉德等著名拍卖行多次高价拍卖。

中央电视台、北京电视台、凤凰电视台、《美术报》、《中国书画报》、香港《大公报》、《中国艺术家》、《环球游报》、深圳《消息报》、《深圳商报》等数十家新闻媒体多次报道过他和他的书画作品。

2011年,作品入选“中国当代艺术名家精品专题邮票”,由北京市邮政管理局监制发行。同年秋,作品入选四川美术出版社出版发行的《当代艺坛娇子》、中国当代美术出版社出版的《新中国艺坛百年追梦人》和《大国外交——走向世界的人民艺术家》等等。《张琦钟道画集》也由荣宝斋出版社出版发行。“钟馗张”之名亦即由此而来。

张琦在书法方面也是硕果累累,造诣颇深,作品先后入展全国第七届、第八届书法展,全国第三届正书大展和第四届全国楹联书法大展等等。代表作分别为国画《钟馗神威》,书法《惠风和畅》。

Personal profile:

Zhang Qi, full of words, named Moyan, owner of Guankui Hall, was born in 1965 in Luyi, Henan, the hometown of Laozi, and graduated from the Fine Arts Department of Henan University in 1992. In the same year, he was assigned to the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force to engage in art creation. Selected to study at the Chinese People's Liberation Army Academy of Art, and entered the Central Academy of Fine Arts in 1998 for further studies. Famous military calligrapher and painter. Member of the Chinese Artists Association, member of the Chinese Calligraphers Association, national first-class artist. He is currently the director and academician of Zhongnanhai Ziguangge Painting Academy, and the dean of Luyi Oriental Laozi Painting and Calligraphy Academy. He is a visiting professor at the Chinese People's Liberation Army Academy of Arts.

Zhang Qi "can be good at calligraphy and painting, and also master both calligraphy and calligraphy." He is especially good at portraits of ancient figures. Painting and calligraphy use ancient times as mirrors to show the pen and ink of the times. The image of his traditional Chinese painting "A Thousand-Year Laozi" is lifelike, as if the old man is still living in people's lives and continues to guide the future with the wisdom of sages. His portrait of Zhong Kui is unique and unique. Among them, "Zhong Dao Shenwei" won the gold medal in the international exhibition, and the "Zhong Dao Series" was also presented as a national gift to foreign political leaders. It has been auctioned at high prices for many times in famous auction houses such as Hanhai, Poly, Guardian and so on.

China Central Television, Beijing Television, Phoenix Television, "Art News", "China Painting and Calligraphy", Hong Kong "Ta Kung Pao", "Chinese Artists", "Global Travel News", Shenzhen "Izvestia", "Shenzhen Commercial Daily", etc. The news media reported on him and his paintings and calligraphy works many times.

In 2011, his work was selected as the "Special Topic Stamps of Famous Chinese Contemporary Art", which was produced and issued under the supervision of Beijing Post Administration. In the autumn of the same year, his work was selected as "A Jiaozi in Contemporary Art" published by Sichuan Fine Arts Publishing House, "A Hundred Years Dream Chaser in the New China Art Circle" published by China Contemporary Art Publishing House, and "Great Power Diplomacy-People's Artists Going to the World", etc. Wait. "Zhang Qi Zhongdao Painting Collection" was also published by Rong Baozhai Publishing House. This is where the name "Zhong Kui Zhang" comes from.

Zhang Qi has also made great achievements in calligraphy and has profound accomplishments. His works have been exhibited in the 7th and 8th National Calligraphy Exhibition, the 3rd National Original Book Exhibition, and the 4th National Couplet Calligraphy Exhibition, and so on. The representative works are Chinese painting "Zhong Kui Shenwei" and calligraphy "Hui Feng He Chang".

作品赏析:

元代著名书画家赵孟頫说:“书法以用笔为上,而结字亦须用功,盖结字因时相传,用笔千古不易。”众所周知,国画的用笔方法与书法的用笔大同小异,甚至可以说是异曲同工。国画的用笔主要是用“线”,而“线”则是国画中最根本的造型手段。

作为著名国画家,张琦先生在“运笔”的过程中,融入个人思想、感情、情绪、意趣,可谓“笔至意达”,使得其国画中的线条产生了鲜明的个性特征,进而也表现出了人的审美心灵、人格、气质和理想。为了达到“造形立意”之效果,他在运笔时注重均匀用力,笔笔送到;在行笔时折转而无角,圆润而有力。可谓“含蓄而有回旋,沉稳而有重量”。

清初著名画家原济和尚(亦即石涛)于《石涛画语录·变化章第三》中说:“至人无法,非无法也,无法而法,乃为至法,凡事有经必有权,有法必有化,一知其经,即变其权;一知其法,即功于化。”对于墨色的变化,古人既有所谓“五彩”之说(即焦、浓、重、淡、清”),又有“六色”之说(即“干、湿、浓、淡、黑、白”)。但不论是哪一种说法,无非就是讲墨色的“变化多端”。

张琦先生在这方面的表现尤为突出。他的人物画用墨首先是“厚重”,给人以厚重而不轻薄的感觉。其次就是“透明”,做到不浑浊,不僵滞,层次清楚。其三是“丰富”,力求墨色多变,层次丰富。张琦先生的人物画作品《周室为官》就是这样,用墨既有变化,又有韵味,并以巧妙的用墨,充分表现人物的立体感、质感和远近的空间感。

张琦先生经过多年来的实践,对人物画技法的相关体悟是:“以人为师;耕耘不辍,创新拓展;琢磨体悟,转识成智”。故而,他的古代人物画技法很多,也很熟稔,甚至可用“信手拈来”、“庖丁解牛”去形容。但是,不论他使用哪一种技法,无不是因人而异,因景而异,因画而异,因时而异,并且能够充分地表现出人物的“形”与“神”,且可充分表达出作者的“意”与“韵”。

气韵丰硕”是张琦先生人物画的最大特点。清代著名画家唐志契曾经这样说过:“气韵生动,与烟润不同。‘气’有‘笔气’、‘墨气’、‘色气’,运用活泼,自然生动。”故而,张琦先生也认为:人物画与山水画有着不少的相通之处。创作一幅人物画,不但要有好的“构图”,而且还要有美的“意境”,因为“意境”是人物画的“灵魂”之所在。如果一幅人物画不能给观赏者留下联想的余地,进而让观赏者受到情绪感染,并引起一定共鸣,进而感受到人物画中的“言外之意”、“弦外之音”、“境外之味”,才算是有意境。

张琦先生的古代人物画作品,“外师造化,中得心源”是也。所以,他画作中的那些人物,从面部到体型,从眉眼到胡须,从衣服到鞋帽,个个都有讲究,处处都合情理。这样,自然就在有意无意中产生了“气韵”。

张琦先生的古代人物画“‘神’‘意’兼容”。首先,是“以‘神’胜之”——注重写实,以真实感人的空间境象构成意境,把理想和感情融入人物之中,主要是通过“神情”自身诱发读者联想。它类似于诗的“无我之境”。其次,是“以‘意’胜之”——注重情感表达,突出“个性”和“情致”,在“形”上要求“像与不像之间”。它类似于诗的“有我之境”。同时,张琦先生在实际创作中,还注重“形神结合”,做到了“感情”与“形象”的高度结合,进而达到了“形神交融”、“天人合一”的“自然”境界。诸如,他的《老子出关》、《钟馗神威》、《威震人间》等等一系列古代人物画作品,无不如此。张琦先生的古代人物画因为有了“气韵”,所以也就有了“灵性”。

纵观张琦先生的古代人物画作品,可谓之为“意韵深邃、诗意盎然、个性张扬、独树一帜”。故而,受到了人们的普遍喜爱。